Birds and butterflies of Caussols

This page presents a list of the birds and butterflies found on the plateaus of Caussols and Calern (Grasse Prealps, Alpes-Maritimes, France). The species whose status need to be confirmed are marked with an asterisk. These lists are not complete and may contain errors. If you wish to contribute to this inventory with your own observations, don't hesitate to contact me !

Birdlist of Caussols

1. The grey heron (Ardea cinerea) : occasional.

2. The white stork (Ciconia ciconia) : very occasional, passage migrant.

3. The black kite (Milvus migrans) : occasional, passage migrant.

4. The red kite (Milvus milvus) : very occasional, passage migrant.

5. The griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus) : very regular, from breeding sites in the Verdon.

6. The cinereus vulture (Aegypius monachus) : very occasional, from breeding sites in the Verdon (?).

7. Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus) : very regular, mainly autumn passage.

8. The hen harrier (Circus cyaneus) : very occasional, in winter.

9. The western marsh harrier (Circus aeruginosus) : occasional, passage migrant.

10. The Eurasian sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus) : common, breeding.

11. The northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) : quite common, breeding.

12. The European honey buzzard (Pernis apivorus) : common passage migrant, possibly breeding.

13. The common buzzard (Buteo buteo) : abundant passage migrant, probably breeding.

14. The golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) : regular, breeding nearby.

15. The short-toed snake eagle (Circaetus gallicus) : frequent, probably breeding.

16. The osprey (Pandion haliaetus) : very occasional, passage migrant.

17. The red-footed falcon (Falco vespertinus) : very regular spring passage migrant.

18. The kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) : very common, breeding.

19. The Eurasian hobby (Falco subbuteo) : regular passage migrant.

20. The lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) : very occasional passage migrant.

21. Eleonora's falcon (Falco eleonorae) : very occasional passage migrant.

22. The peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) : regular, breeding nearby.

23. The red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) : frequent, breeding.

24. The common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) : game bird.

25. The common quail (Coturnix coturnix) : frequent in spring, probably breeding.

26. The Eurasian dotterel (Charadrius morinellus) : regular at the end of summer, passage migrant.

27. The northern lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) : very occasional passage migrant.

28. The green sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) : occasional passage migrant.

29. The wood sandpiper (Tringa glareola) : occasional passage migrant.

30. The common snipe (Gallinago gallinago) : regular spring passage migrant.

31. The Eurasian woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) : regular, probably breeding.

32. The yellow-legged gull (Larus michahellis) : occasional vagrant.

33. The common wood pigeon (Columba palumbus) : frequent, probably breeding, passage migrant in large numbers.

34. The rock dove (Columba livia) : domestic species.

35. The European turtle dove (Streptopelia turtur) : regular passage migrant.

36. The common cuckoo (Cuculus canorus) : very common, breeding.

37. The long-eared owl (Asio otus) : occasional (?), probably breeding.

38. The Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo) *: status to be confirmed, breeding nearby.

39. The Eurasian scops owl (Otus scops) : common, breeding.

40. The little owl (Athene noctua) : quite common, breeding.

41. The European nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus) : common, breeding.

42. The alpine swift (Apus melba) : occasional passage migrant.

43. The common swift (Apus apus) : very common, breeding.

44. The European bee-eater (Merops apiaster) : regular passage migrant.

45. The hoopoe (Upupa epops) : common, breeding.

46. The Eurasian wryneck (Jynx torquilla) : common, breeding.

47. The black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius) : uncommon, breeding.

48. The European green woodpecker (Picus viridis) : common, breeding.

49. The great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major) : very common, breeding.

50. The lesser spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos minor) : relatively uncommon, probably breeding.

51. The Eurasian skylark (Alauda arvensis) : abundant, breeding.

52. The woodlark (Lullula arborea) : abundant, breeding.

53. The greater short-toed lark (Calandrella brachydactyla) : very occasional passage migrant.

54. The Eurasian crag martin (Hirundo rupestris) : common, probably breeding.

55. The sand martin (Riparia riparia) : occasional passage migrant.

56. The barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) : very common, breeding.

57. The common house martin (Delichon urbica) : common, probably breeding.

58. The tree pipit (Anthus trivialis) : quite uncommon, probably breeding.

59. The meadow pipit (Anthus pratensis) : very common winter visitor.

60. The water pipit (Anthus spinoleta) : occasional winter visitor.

61. The tawny pipit (Anthus campestris) : very common, breeding.

62. The white wagtail (Motacilla alba) : common, breeding.

63. The western yellow wagtail (Motacilla flava) : occasional passage migrant.

64. The grey wagtail (Motacilla cinerea) : very occasional.

65. The Eurasian wren (Troglodytes troglodytes) : very common, breeding.

66. The dunnock (Prunella modularis) : quite common, breeding.

67. The alpine accentor (Prunella collaris) : regular winter visitor.

68. The European robin (Erithacus rubecula) : very common, breeding.

69. The common nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) : very common, breeding.

70. The bluethroat (Luscinia svecica) : very occasional winter visitor.

71. The common redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus) : uncommon, breeding nearby.

72. The black redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros) : very common, breeding.

73. The winchat (Saxicola rubetra) : uncommon, breeding nearby.

74. The common stonechat (Saxicola torquatus) : common, breeding.

75. The northern wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) : very common, breeding.

76. The black-eared wheatear (Oenanthe hispanica) : uncommon, probably breeding.

77. The common rock thrush (Monticola saxatilis) : common, breeding.

78. The blue rock thrush (Monticola solitarius) : very occasional, breeding nearby.

79. The ring ouzel (Turdus torquatus) : quite regular passage migrant, mainly seen in spring.

80. The common blackbird (Turdus merula) : abundant, breeding.

81. The fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) : common, wintering.

82. The redwing (Turdus iliacus) : occasional passage migrant.

83. The song thrush (Turdus philomelos) : very common, wintering.

84. The mistle thrush (Turdus viscivorus) : very common, breeding.

85. The melodious warbler (Hippolais polyglotta) : very occasional, possible breeder (?).

86. The Dartford warbler (Sylvia undata) : common, breeding.

87. The subalpine warbler (Sylvia cantillans) : quite common, breeding.

88. The garden warbler (Sylvia borin)* : very occasional.

89. The lesser whitethroat (Sylvia curruca) : quite common, probably breeding.

90. The common whitethroat (Sylvia communis) : very common, breeding.

91. The Eurasian blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla) : common, breeding.

92. The Sardinian warbler (Sylvia melanocephala) : very occasional, wandering from lower elevation.

93. The western Orphean warbler (Sylvia hortensis) : quite common, breeding.

94. The western Bonelli's warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) : common, probably breeding.

95. The chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita) : common, probably breeding.

96. The willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus) : common passage migrant.

97. The goldcrest (Regulus regulus) : common, probably breeding.

98. The common firecrest (Regulus ignicapillus) : common, probably breeding.

99. The European pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) : uncommon passage migrant.

100. The spotted flycatcher (Muscicapa striata) : uncommon, probably breeding.

101. The marsh tit (Parus palustris)* : very occasional.

102. The European crested tit (Parus cristatus) : very common, breeding.

103. The Eurasian blue tit (Parus caeruleus) : common, breeding.

104. The great tit (Parus major) : very common, breeding.

105. The coal tit (Parus ater) : abundant, breeding.

106. The long-tailed tit (Aegithalos caudatus) : common, breeding.

107. The Eurasian nuthatch (Sitta europaea) : quite common, breeding.

108. The wallcreeper (Tichodroma muraria) : regular wintering visitor.

109. The short-toed treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla) : common, breeding.

110. The Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus) : quite common, breeding.

111. The red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) : very common, breeding.

112. The lesser grey shrike (Lanius minor) : very occasional passage migrant.

113. The southern grey shrike (Lanius meridionalis) : uncommon, breeding.

114. The woodchat shrike (Lanius senator) : occasional passage migrant.

115. The Eurasian jay (Garrulus glandarius) : abundant, breeding.

116. The Eurasian magpie (Pica pica) : abundant, breeding.

117. The alpine chough (Pyrrhocorax graculus) : very occasional winter visitor.

118. The red-billed chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax) : common, breeding.

119. The western jackdaw (Corvus monedula) : quite uncommon, probably breeding.

120. The common raven (Corvus corax) : common, breeding.

121. The carrion crow (Corvus corone) : abundant, breeding.

122. The hooded crow (Corvus cornix) : occasional, wandering from Italy.

123. The common starling (Sturnus vulgaris) : common, breeding.

124. The Eurasian tree sparrow (Passer montanus) : quite common, breeding.

125. The house sparrow (Passer domesticus) : quite common, breeding.

126. The rock sparrow (Petronia petronia)* : occasional, breeding nearby.

127. The white-winged snowfinch (Montifringilla nivalis) : very occasional winter visitor.

128. The common chaffinchs (Fringilla coelebs) : abundant, breeding.

129. The brambling (Fringilla montifringilla) : irregular, wintering.

130. The hawfinch (Coccothraustes coccothraustes) : quite uncommon, probably breeding.

131. The citril finch (Serinus citrinella) : regular, wintering.

132. The European serin (Serinus serinus) : common, breeding.

133. The Eurasian siskin (Spinus spinus) : occasional, wintering.

134. The European greenfinch (Carduelis chloris) : common, breeding.

135. The European goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) : common, breeding.

136. Le bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula) : rather uncommon, probably breeding.

137. The common linnet (Carduelis cannabina) : very common, breeding.

138. The red crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) : quite common, breeding.

139. The corn bunting (Miliaria calandra) : very common, breeding.

140. The yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella) : quite common, breeding.

141. The cirl bunting (Emberiza cirlus) : quite uncommon, probably breeding.

142. The ortolon bunting (Emberiza hortulana) : quite common, breeding.

143. The rock bunting (Emberiza cia) : quite common, breeding.

144. The black-headed bunting (Emberiza melanocephala) : very rare (occasional ?) breeder.

 

 

Butterflies of Caussols

 

Protected species are underlined.

1. The Alexanor (Papilio alexanor) : rare.

2. The Old World swallowtail (Papilio machaon) : common.

3. The scarce swallowtail (Iphiclides podalirius) : common.

4. The southern festoon (Zerynthia polyxena) : quite common.

5. The Apollo (Parnassius apollo) : quite uncommon.

6. The clouded Apollo (Driopa mnemosyne) : quite common.

7. The black-veined white (Aporia crataegi) : abundant.

8. The large white (Pieris brassicae) : quite common.

9. The small white (Pieris rapae) : quite uncommon.

10. The southern small white (Pieris mannii) : uncommon.

11. The green-veined white (Pieris napi) : quite uncommon.

12. The Bath white (Pontia daplidice) : quite common.

13. The western dappled white (Euchloe crameri) : quite common.

14. The orange tip (Anthocharis cardamines) : very common.

15. The Morrocan orange tip (Anthocharis belia) : very common.

16. The pale clouded yellow (Colias hyale) : quite uncommon.

17. The clouded yellow (Colias croceus) : common.

18. Berger's clouded yellow (Colias sareptensis) : quite uncommon.

19. The common brimstone (Gonepteryx rhamni) : common.

20. The Cleopatra (Gonepteryx cleopatra) : common.

21. The wood white (Leptidea sinapis) : quite uncommon.

22. The sloe hairstreak (Satyrium acaciae) : abundant.

23. The purple hairstreak (Neozephyrus quercus)* : very uncommon (?).

24. The brown hairstreak (Thecla betulae) : uncommon.

25. The blue spot hairstreak (Satyrium spini) : abundant.

26. The green hairstreak (Callophrys rubi) : abundant.

27. The small copper (Lycaena phlaeas) : relatively uncommon.

28. The sooty copper (Heodes tityrus) : relatively uncommon.

29. The purple-shot copper (Thersamolycaena alciphron subsp. gordius) : quite common.

30. The peablue (Lampides boeticus) : very uncommon (?).

31. The small blue (Cupido minimus) : quite common.

32. The Osiris blue (Cupido osiris) : uncommon.

33. The geranium bronze (Cacyreus marshalli) : invasive species, uncommon.

34. The holly blue (Celastrina argiolus) : very uncommon.

35. The green-underside blue (Glaucopsyche alexis) : quite common.

36. The black-eyed blue (Glaucopsyche melanops) : uncommon.

37. The large blue (Maculinea arion) : quite common.

38. The baton blue (Pseudophilotes baton) : common.

39. The chequered blue (Scolitantides orion) : very uncommon.

40. The silver-studded blue (Plebejus argus)* : very uncommon.

41. The Idas blue (Plebejus idas)* : very uncommon.

42. The geranium argus (Eumedonia eumedon) : very uncommon.

43. The brown argus (Aricia agestis) : very common.

44. The northern brown argus (Aricia artaxerxes) : uncommon.

45. The Mazarine blue (Cyaniris semiargus) : quite common.

46. The Damon blue (Polyommatus damon) : common.

47. Escher's blue (Polyommatus escheri) : uncommon.

48. Chapman's blue (Polyommatus thersites) : common.

49. Ripart's anomalous blue (Polyommatus ripartii) : common.

50. The turquoise blue (Polyommatus dorylas) : common.

51. The chalkhill blue (Polyommatus coridon) : very common.

52. The Provence chalkhill blue (Polyommatus hispanus)* : very uncommon.

53. The Adonis blue (Polyommatus bellargus) : very common.

54. The common blue (Polyommatus icarus) : very common.

55. The Amanda's blue (Polyommatus amandus) : uncommon.

56. The Duke of Burgundy (Hamearis lucina) : quite common.

57. The red admiral (Vanessa atalanta) : quite common.

58. Le Camberwell beauty (Nymphalis antiopa) : scarce.

59. The small tortoiseshell (Aglais urticae) : common.

60. The European peacock (Inachis io) : quite common.

61. The large tortoiseshell (Nymphalis polychloros) : quite uncommon.

62. The painted ladye (Vanessa cardui) : common.

63. The comma (Polygonia c-album) : uncommon.

64. The silver-washed fritillary (Argynnis paphia) : common.

65. The cardinal (Pandoriana pandora) : occasional.

66. The dark green fritillary (Argynnis aglaja) : common.

67. The Niobe fritillary (Argynnis niobe) : quite common.

68. The high brown fritillary (Fabriciana adippe) : quite uncommon.

69. The queen of Spain fritillary (Issoria lathonia) : quite common.

70. The twin-spot fritillary (Brenthis hecate) : very common.

71. The marbled fritillary (Brenthis daphne) : uncommon.

72. The lesser marbled fritillary (Brenthis ino) : very uncommon.

73. The weaver's fritillary (Clossiana dia) : very common.

74. The pearl-bordered fritillary (Boloria euphrosyne) : quite common.

75. The Glanville fritillary (Melitaea cinxia) : quite common.

76. The knapweed fritillary (Melitaea phoebe subsp. occitanica) : quite common.

77. The spotted fritillary (Melitaea didyma subsp. meridionalis) : common.

78. The false heath fritillary (Melitaea diamina subsp. vernetensis)* : very occasional.

79. The heath fritillary (Melitaea athalia) : common.

80. The meadow fritillary (Melitaea parthenoides) : quite common.

81. The marsh fritillary​ (Euphydryas aurinia) : very common.

82. The marbled white (Melanargia galathea) : abundant.

83. The western marbled white (Melanargia occitanica) : uncommon.

84. The woodland grayling (Hipparchia fagi) : quite uncommon.

85. The rock grayling (Hipparchia alcyone) : quite uncommon.

86. The grayling (Hipparchia semele) : common.

87. Neohipparchia statilinus* : very occasional.

88. The black satyr (Satyrus actea) : quite common.

89. The great sooty satyr (Satyrus ferula) : quite common.

90. The false grayling (Arethusana arethusa) : abundant.

91. The great banded grayling (Brintesia circe) : quite common.

92. The de Prunner's ringlet (Erebia triaria)* : very occasional.

93. The spring ringlet (Erebia epistygne) : common.

94. The autumn ringlet (Erebia neoridas) : very common.

95. The meadow brown (Maniola jurtina) : abundant.

96. The dusky meadow brown (Hyponephele lycaon) : uncommon.

97. The gatekeeper (Pyronia tithonus) : uncommon.

98. The small heath (Coenonympha pamphilus) : abundant.

99. The dusky heath (Coenonympha dorus) : common.

100. The pearly heath (Coenonympha arcania) : quite common.

101. The speckled wood (Pararge aegeria) : quite common.

102. The large wall brown (Lasiommata maera) : quite common.

103. The wall brown (Lasiommata megera) : quite common.

104. The grizzled skipper (Pyrgus malvae) : uncommon.

105. The large grizzled skipper (Pyrgus alveus)* : very occasional.

106. Oberthür's grizzled skipper (Pyrgus armoricanus) : abundant.

107. The carline skipper (Pyrgus carlinae) : uncommon.

108. The rosy grizzled skipper (Pyrgus onopordi) : uncommon.

109. The safflower skipper (Pyrgus carthami) : common.

110. The red-underwing skipper (Spialia sertorius) : quite common.

111. Charcharodus flocciferus* : very occasional.

112. The dingy skipper (Erynnis tages) : very common.

113. The Lulworth skipper (Thymelicus acteon) : uncommon.

114. The Essex skipper (Thymelicus lineola) : abundant.

115. The small skipper (Thymelicus sylvestris) : very common.

116. The silver-spotted skipper (Hesperia comma) : abundant.

117. The large skipper (Ochlodes faunus) : uncommon.

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